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Predictors of adolescent resilience during the COVID-19 pandemic: Cognitive reappraisal and humor

APA Citation:

Kuhlman, K. R., Straka, K., Mousavi, Z., Tran, M. L., & Rodgers, E. (2021). Predictors of adolescent resilience during the COVID-19 pandemic: Cognitive reappraisal and humor. Journal of Adolescent Health, 69, 729-736. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2021.07.006

Abstract Created by REACH:

This study examined the extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic impacted youths’ psychiatric symptoms and whether psychological resources mitigated this impact. 88 youths (ages 11-18) from civilian families reported COVID-19 impacts, including pandemic concerns (e.g., getting COVID-19) and stressful experiences (e.g., parental unemployment). They also reported psychiatric symptoms (i.e., depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, proactive and reactive aggression, and sleep disturbances) and psychological resources (e.g., cognitive reappraisal, self-enhancing humor, affiliative humor). Youth with lower psychological resources showed more severe psychiatric symptoms in the context of COVID-19.

Focus:

Mental health
Youth

Subject Affiliation:

Civilian

Population:

School age (6 - 12 yrs)
Adolescence (13 - 17 yrs)
Adulthood (18 yrs & older)

Methodology:

Quantitative Study

Authors:

Kuhlman, Kate R., Straka, Kelci, Mousavi, Zahra, Tran, Mai-Lan, Rodgers, Emma

Abstract:

Purpose The COVID-19 pandemic and efforts to slow the spread of disease have particularly affected the lives of adolescents. Many studies have recently identified the risks to adolescent mental health posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, yet few have identified the markers of resilience to the events and concerns associated with the pandemic's lived experience. This study examined the moderating role of psychosocial resources in the association between the tangible and emotional experiences of the COVID-19 pandemic and symptoms of common psychiatric problems during adolescence (depression, anxiety, proactive and reactive aggression, and sleep problems).

Publication Type:

Article
REACH Publication

Author Affiliation:

University of California, KRK
Department of Psychological Science, School of Social Ecology, University of California Irvine, KS
Department of Psychological Science, School of Social Ecology, University of California Irvine, ZM
Department of Psychological Science, School of Social Ecology, University of California Irvine, MLT
Department of Psychological Science, School of Social Ecology, University of California Irvine, ER

Keywords:

resilience, sleep, developmental psychopathology, COVID-19, proactive aggression, cognitive reappraisal, community-level stressors, humor

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REACH Publication Type:

Research Summary

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