A model for supporting grief recovery following traumatic loss: The Tragedy Assistance Program for Survivors (TAPS)
Dooley, C. M., Carroll, B., Fry, L. E., Seamon-Lahiff, G., & Bartone, P. T. (2019). A model for supporting grief recovery following traumatic loss: The Tragedy Assistance Program for Survivors (TAPS). Military Medicine, 184(7-8), 166 – 170. https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usz084
Abstract Created by REACH:
The purpose of the Tragedy Assistance Program for Survivors (TAPS) is to provide free, professional expertise and support for families who have experienced a military death. A key component of TAPS is its peer support approach, in which volunteers who have experienced a military death are trained to facilitate healthy grief recovery in survivors. This article reviews the bereavement care model of grief recovery, which was created to train volunteers with TAPS and assist those who are grieving. This model consists of three phases: stabilization (i.e., helping survivors feel secure), hopeful reappraisal (i.e., managing the loss and reframing the future), and positive integration (i.e., living a meaningful life without the loved one). For each phase, goals are identified that are theorized to assist in progressing through grief. The goals can be achieved through the completion of a variety of TAPS programs.
Branch of Service:
Childhood (birth - 12 yrs)
Preschool age (2 -5 yrs)
School age (6 - 12 yrs)
Adolescence (13 - 17 yrs)
Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
Young adulthood (18 - 29 yrs)
Thirties (30 - 39 yrs)
Middle age (40 - 64 yrs)
Aged (65 yrs & older)
Dooley, Chantel M., Carroll, Bonnie, Fry, Laura E., Seamon-Lahiff, Grace, Bartone, Paul T.
The article offers information on a model and program that have been used successfully to assist military family members who experience the sudden death of a military member. It mentions the different U.S. military branches do provide a variety of support services for survivors; and also providing useful theoretical perspective, characterizing the grief process in terms of three phases including avoidance, confrontation, and accommodation.
Oxford University Press
Tragedy Assistance Program for Survivors, CMD
Tragedy Assistance Program for Survivors, BC
Tragedy Assistance Program for Survivors, LEF
Tragedy Assistance Program for Survivors, GSL
Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University, PTB
attitudes toward death, complicated grief, despair, grief, human services programs, mathmatical models, post-traumatic stress disorder, survivors, theory, treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder, twin anemia-polycythemia sequence
REACH Publication Type: