Resources and support for sexual assault survivors receiving services from the U.S. Air Force: What survivors say they need for recovery
Spencer, C. M., King, E. L., Foster, R. E., Vennum, A., & Stith, S. M. (2023). Resources and support for sexual assault survivors receiving services from the U.S. Air Force: What survivors say they need for recovery. Violence and Victims, 38(3), 414–434. https://doi.org/10.1891/VV-2021-0132
Abstract Created by REACH:
This 2-phase study took a survivor-centered approach to identifying potential improvements to the United States Air Force (USAF) sexual assault response system. In Phase 1, 9 USAFaffiliated sexual assault survivors were asked for their ideas on how the USAF prevention and support response system could be improved (e.g., how would you design a “perfect” response system?). Suggestions included improving sexual assault prevention and response training, reducing barriers to reporting sexual assault, building ongoing support and respite for survivors, and improving sexual assault services. In Phase 2, survivors (N = 82) responded to a survey that was generated from the themes and codes identified in Phase 1. Survey results reiterated the interview findings, and survivors provided many specific suggestions for improving USAF sexual assault prevention and response services.
Branch of Service:
Active duty service member
Spouse of service member or veteran
Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
Young adulthood (18 - 29 yrs)
Thirties (30 - 39 yrs)
Middle age (40 - 64 yrs)
Spencer, Chelsea M., King, Erika L., Foster, Rachel E., Vennum, Amber, Stith, Sandra M.
Sexual assault (SA) is a serious challenge faced by the U.S. military. Participants in this study included men and women who volunteered in response to a call for survivors of SA. Participants included active duty and reserve U.S. Air Force (USAF) members, spouses of service members, or civilian employees for the USAF (beneficiaries). The primary research question was, “if you could design the perfect response system to support survivors, what would be included in this system?” The research team conducted in-depth interviews with nine survivors. Next, 82 survivors completed a survey agreeing or disagreeing with strategies identified by interview participants to improve services for survivors and offered additional suggestions. Analysis revealed survivor recommendations to improve SA services.
REACH Publication Type:
United States Air Force