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“The rate at which units are involved in all military activities, including contingency operations, exercises, and training deployments.”

Citation: Blaisure, K.R., Saalthoff-Wells, T., Pereira, A. MacDermid Wadsworth, S., & Dombro, A. L. (2015). Serving military families – theories, research, and application. Taylor & Francis Ltd.

Category: Military

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An observational study involves the objective observation of participants by the researcher or research team in order to collect data on the variables of interest.

Citation: Maruyama, G. and Ryan, C. S. (2014) Research Methods in Social Relations. West Sussex: John Wiley and Sons Ltd.

Category: Methodology

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An odds ratio is a comparison of the odds of one event happening for one particular group and the odds that another event will happen for another group. Odds ratios can be assessed when working with dichotomous variables to study associations in the data.

Citation: Lewis-Beck, M., Bryman, A., & Liao, T. (2004). The SAGE encyclopedia of social science research methods (Vols. 1–3). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781412950589 Morgan, G. A., Leech, N. L., Gloeckner, G. W., and Barrett, K. C. (2013). IBM SPSS for introductory statistics: Use and interpretation. New York, NY: Routledge.

Category: Methodology

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“Office for Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion (ODEI) develops, and executes diversity management and equal opportunity policies and programs affecting active duty and reserve component military personnel, and DoD civilian employees.”

Citation: Office for Diversity, equity, and inclusion. (n.d.). Office of Diversity Management and Equal Opportunity. https://diversity.defense.gov/

Category: Military

The one sample paired t-test is a procedure used to compare the sample mean with the hypothesized population mean to assess significant differences between the two. This test works under the assumptions that the dependent variable is normally distributed in the population, and that data are independent (i.e., participants do not influence one another's score).

Citation: Morgan, G. A., Leech, N. L., Gloeckner, G. W., and Barrett, K. C. (2013). IBM SPSS for introductory statistics: Use and interpretation. New York, NY: Routledge.

Category: Methodology

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Ontology is the study of the existence and understanding of an entity or phenomenon.

Citation: Hofweber, T. (2017 October 11). Logic and Ontology. Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/logic-ontology/#Ont

Category: Theories

The first phase of qualitative data analysis. Researchers review the raw data, take note of themes or concepts, and 'code' these categories with a descriptive name.

Citation: Given, L. (2008). Open coding. Retrieved November 03, 2020, from https://methods.sagepub.com/reference/sage-encyc-qualitative-research-methods/n299.xml

Category: Methodology

An operation is "a sequence of tactical actions with a common purpose or unifying theme."

Citation: Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (2019). Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. Washington DC: The Joint Staff.

Category: Military

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Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) was the title used by the United States to refer to the Global War on Terrorism. OEF began on October 7, 2001, in response to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, after which the United States targeted al-Qaeda and the Taliban in Afghanistan. OEF in Afghanistan ended on December 28, 2014, with the completion of the U.S.-led combat operations there.

Citation: Operation enduring freedom. (2017, November 6). Retrieved March 7, 2019, from https://www.history.navy.mil/browse-by-topic/wars-conflicts-and-operations/terrorism/operation-enduring-freedom.html

Category: Military

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Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR) is the U.S. military campaign against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), conducted by a combined joint task force. The mission began in 2014 and is still ongoing.

Citation: Special report: Operation inherent resolve. (n.d.). Retrieved February 19, 2019, from https://www.defense.gov/OIR/ Lange, K. (2017, October 11). U.S. central command: Differentiating its major operations. Retrieved February 19, 2019, from http://www.dodlive.mil/2017/10/11/u-s-central-command-differentiating-its-major-operations/

Category: Military

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