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REACH Dictionary
D Clear

Decompression is a process in which the psychological and behavioral impact of isolation is normalized for the recovered personnel.

Citation: Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (2019). Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. Washington DC: The Joint Staff.

Category: Military

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The deficit model (or the deficit perspective) involves the identification and emphasis on an individual's "problems." Within a therapeutic setting, the deficit approach to therapy would involve focusing on how to "fix" the problem the client faces.

Citation: Hammond, W. (2010). Principles of strength-based practice[PDF file]. Retreieved from https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=11&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwi3s8K3nfPgAhWxm-AKHXfpDJAQFjAKegQIDRAC&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ayscbc.org%2FPrinciples%2520of%2520Strength-2.pdf&usg=AOvVaw20903sPDWQc86qqJI92SQJ.

Category: Theories

Demographic characteristics (also, demographics) are classifiable traits of a population. In research, demographic characteristics provide background on participants to determine whether or not the sample population is an accurate representation of the larger population.

Citation: Salkind, N. J. (2010). Encyclopedia of research design. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412961288

Category: Study methods and variables

A DoD civilian is "a Federal civilian employee of the Department of Defense directly hired and paid from appropriated or nonappropriated funds, under permanent or temporary appointment."

Citation: Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (2019). Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. Washington DC: The Joint Staff.

Category: Military

The DoD components include "the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Military Departments, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Joint Staff the combatant commands, the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Defense, the Department of Defense agencies, Department of Defense field activities, and all other organizational entities in the Department of Defense."

Citation: Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (2019). Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. Washington DC: The Joint Staff.

The Department of the Air Force is "the executive part of the Department of the Air Force at the seat of government and all field headquarters, forces, Reserve Component, installations, activities, and functions under the control or supervision of the Secretary of the Air Force."

Citation: Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (2019). Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. Washington DC: The Joint Staff.

The Department of the Army is "the executive part of the Department of the Army at the seat of government and all field headquarters, forces, Reserve Component, installations, activities, and functions under the control or supervision of the Secretary of the Army."

Citation: Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (2019). Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. Washington DC: The Joint Staff.

The Department of the Navy is "the executive part of the Department of Navy at the seat of government; the headquarters, US Marine Corps; the entire operating forces of the US Navy and of the USMC, including the Reserve Component of such forces; all field activities, headquarters, forces, bases installations, activities, and functions under the control or supervision of the Secretary of the Navy; and the US Coast Guard when operating as a part of the Navy pursuant law."

Citation: Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (2019). Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. Washington DC: The Joint Staff.

Dependent variables are those affected by the independent variable(s). In experimental research, the dependent variable measures the effect of the independent variable on the outcome. In nonexperimental research, the dependent variable, although not manipulatable, can be causally inferred to result from the independent variable.

Citation: Lewis-Beck, M., Bryman, A., & Liao, T. (2004). The SAGE encyclopedia of social science research methods (Vols. 1–3). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781412950589

Dependents include "an employee's spouse; children who are unmarried and under age 21 years or who, regardless of age, are physically or mentally incapable of self-support; dependent parents, including step and legally adoptive parents of the employee's spouse; and dependent brothers and sisters, including step and legally adoptive brothers and sisters of the employee's spouse who are unmarried and under 21 years of age or who, regardless of age, are physically or mentally incapable of self-support."

Citation: Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. (2019). Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. Washington DC: The Joint Staff.

Category: Military

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