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The role of parenting style of single parents in young children’s risk-taking

APA Citation:

Wood, E. E., Kennison, S. M., & Jackson, G. C. (2019). The role of parenting style of single parents in young children’s risk-taking. Current Psychology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-019-00178-0

Abstract Created by REACH:

This article examined the relationship between parenting styles of single parents and risk-taking behaviors in young children. Research suggests that there are four primary parenting styles: 1. Authoritative parenting — Demonstrating high warmth and high parental control 2. Permissive parenting — Demonstrating high warmth and low parental control 3. Authoritarian parenting — Demonstrating low warmth and high parental control 4. Neglectful parenting — Demonstrating low warmth and low parental control In a sample of 200 single parents with a child between the ages of two and five, parents were asked to evaluate their approach to parenting and to assess their child’s risk-taking behaviors (e.g., runs out into the street, plays with fire). The results revealed that higher levels of authoritarian parenting among single mothers were related to higher levels of risk-taking behaviors for their children. Additionally, the findings showed that higher levels of permissive parenting among single fathers were related to higher risk-taking behaviors for their sons but not for their daughters.

Focus:

Children
Parents

Subject Affiliation:

Civilian

Population:

Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
Young adulthood (18 - 29 yrs)
Thirties (30 - 39 yrs)
Middle age (40 - 64 yrs)

Methodology:

Cross-Sectional Study
Quantitative Study

Authors:

Wood, Erin E., Kennison, Shelia M., Jackson, Geena C.

Abstract:

The present study was designed to understand how differences in parenting styles between single mothers and single fathers influenced the factors related to child risk-taking behaviors. The results showed that mothers’ higher level of authoritarian parenting style was related to higher levels of risk-taking for both daughters and sons. In contrast, father’s higher level of permissive parenting style was related to higher levels of risk-taking for sons, but not daughters. Overall, the amount of the authoritarian, permissive, and authoritative parenting style did not differ significantly for mothers and fathers, and risk-taking did not vary significantly for sons and daughters. Sensation-seeking was significantly higher for sons than daughters. Theoretical and practical implications regarding risk-taking development are discussed.

Publisher/Sponsoring Organization:

Springer

Publication Type:

Article
REACH Publication

Author Affiliation:

Department of Psychology, Oklahoma State University, EEW
Department of Psychology, Oklahoma State University, SMK
Department of Psychology, Oklahoma State University,GCJ

Keywords:

children’s risk-raking, parenting styles, sensation seeking, single fathers, single mothers

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REACH Publication Type:

Research Summary

Advanced Online Publication:

Advanced Online Copy

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