The role of parenting style of single parents in young children’s risk-taking
Wood, E. E., Kennison, S. M., & Jackson, G. C. (2019). The role of parenting style of single parents in young children’s risk-taking. Current Psychology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-019-00178-0
Abstract Created by REACH:
This article examined the relationship between parenting styles of single parents and risk-taking behaviors in young children. Research suggests that there are four primary parenting styles: 1. Authoritative parenting — Demonstrating high warmth and high parental control 2. Permissive parenting — Demonstrating high warmth and low parental control 3. Authoritarian parenting — Demonstrating low warmth and high parental control 4. Neglectful parenting — Demonstrating low warmth and low parental control In a sample of 200 single parents with a child between the ages of two and five, parents were asked to evaluate their approach to parenting and to assess their child’s risk-taking behaviors (e.g., runs out into the street, plays with fire). The results revealed that higher levels of authoritarian parenting among single mothers were related to higher levels of risk-taking behaviors for their children. Additionally, the findings showed that higher levels of permissive parenting among single fathers were related to higher risk-taking behaviors for their sons but not for their daughters.
Adulthood (18 yrs & older)
Young adulthood (18 - 29 yrs)
Thirties (30 - 39 yrs)
Middle age (40 - 64 yrs)
Wood, Erin E., Kennison, Shelia M., Jackson, Geena C.
The present study was designed to understand how differences in parenting styles between single mothers and single fathers influenced the factors related to child risk-taking behaviors. The results showed that mothers’ higher level of authoritarian parenting style was related to higher levels of risk-taking for both daughters and sons. In contrast, father’s higher level of permissive parenting style was related to higher levels of risk-taking for sons, but not daughters. Overall, the amount of the authoritarian, permissive, and authoritative parenting style did not differ significantly for mothers and fathers, and risk-taking did not vary significantly for sons and daughters. Sensation-seeking was significantly higher for sons than daughters. Theoretical and practical implications regarding risk-taking development are discussed.
Department of Psychology, Oklahoma State University, EEW
Department of Psychology, Oklahoma State University, SMK
Department of Psychology, Oklahoma State University,GCJ
children’s risk-raking, parenting styles, sensation seeking, single fathers, single mothers
REACH Publication Type:
Advanced Online Publication:
Advanced Online Copy